In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an advanced reproduction technique that is used to assist people with infertility to have a baby. Typically, in this procedure, the patient’s eggs and his partner’s sperm are used, but sometimes donor eggs or sperm are used depending on the patient’s situation. (IVF) is based on taking an egg from a woman's ovaries, then fertilized with sperm in a medical laboratory. Finally, the fertilized egg is transferred to the woman’s uterus where it can develop.

The success of In vitro fertilization

Several factors can play a crucial role in increasing the success rate of IVF, such as maternal age, reproductive history for both partners, and the reason for the fertility problem. According to the American pregnancy association (APA), women who perform IVF under the age of 35 have the potential for a successful pregnancy up to 43%.

The candidates for (IVF)

(IVF) can be the right solution for the following patients:

  • Patients who suffer from damaged or blocked fallopian tubes.
  • Female patients who have ovulation problems or uterine fibroids.
  • Male patients who suffer from male factor infertility.
  • Women who perform fallopian tube removal.
  • Genetic problems.

In vitro fertilization stages

In vitro fertilization procedure is going through the following stages:

  1. Menstrual cycle stimulation

To stimulate egg production, fertility drugs are given to the female patient. In this way, the body will be able to produce multiple eggs which are necessary for the egg retrieval stage.

  1. Eggs retrieving

In this stage, a minimally-invasive operation is performed to remove the eggs from the ovary using an ultrasound-assisted needle which is entered through the vagina.

  1. Insemination process

Sperm is taken from the male partner and mixed with the eggs in a petri dish to enhance the fertilization process. If the insemination process does not work, then (ICSI) technique may be considered. (ICSI) is done by injecting a single sperm into the egg directly in an attempt to encourage fertilization.

  1. Fertilized eggs transferring

Three to five days after the eggs are fertilized, they are transferred into the uterus by a catheter in which a small tube is inserted into the uterus without pain.

The side effects of In vitro fertilization

Some complications might be associated with (IVF), which involve:

  • Miscarriage, some women may lose their pregnancy.
  • Sometimes, women may have multiple pregnancies, which leads to premature birth or low birth weight.
  • The eggs may implant outside the uterus, leading to a pregnancy in the fallopian tube.



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